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In general, the scientific production of Physical Geography was significant in most programs. Also, to date, in some programs, the production in Physical Geography has not had a sufficient impact to be included in the H-index. Nevertheless, future studies may reach the level of citations required to compose this index.

The most substantial participation for the composition of the H-index occurred in the South (39. However, there is variability in the participation of Physical Geography within and between regions (Table 1), which raises some questions.

In the case of the Southeast, at the oldest or most traditional courses (e. One reason may be the higher number of lines of research in these programs (diversity of areas), which may result in the distribution of participation in the H-index. Another possibility may be that some of these centers are, in reality, knowledge producers in Human Geography.

There are fewer programs in the North, which also has the second lowest participation in the H-index for Physical Geography. However, that was not the case. The production of more integrative studies (e. At the UFAM, the participation of Physical Geography in the H-Index is similar to other regions (South, Northeast, and Center-West).

Therefore, there is a need or opportunity to deepen studies in Physical Geography, as well as in physical-geographic disciplines (e. In the Northeast and Central-West, the variability of the contribution of Physical Geography is remarkable.

At first glance, it seems that Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum more recent programs, the contribution of Physical Aids information is more significant.

Both cases cause concern, given that programs with fewer professors generally concentrate along two lines, one in Human Geography and the other in Physical Geography. Thus, it is desirable that both have a positive impact on the H-index. Only at the UEL and UFRGS, is the contribution of Physical Geography to the H-Index well below the regional average; 2.

In this region, Physical Geography has participated more in the composition of the H-index. One of the reasons for this may be the degree of internationalization of this field, as most of the studies are published in English and receive external quotations. This circumstance can also apply to cases in the other regions described above. On the other hand, in general, the other areas of Geography (e. This supposition will be examined in more detailed below when the productions in Geomorphology and Pedology are addressed.

In conclusion, Physical Geography currently has an important participation in the H-index. Scholars in this area have produced relevant studies that have an impact on postgraduate studies in Geography and, consequently, on Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum science. Overall, in the most recent programs, the production in Physical Geography seems to be higher in the chanca piedra in the H-index.

Also, this impact is higher than that found in the oldest postgraduate centers located in the Southeast. Therefore, it is possible to discern the level of excellence existing in Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum Geography in several programs and Brazilian regions. Firstly, it is not easy to separate a scientific production in Geomorphology or Pedology since both are strongly interdependent, especially when studies are carried out in the field.

Throughout the history of these sciences, Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum is clear that this interdependence between pedo-geomorphology is inseparable in the study of forms, soil and surface processes (Milne, 1935; Conacher and Dalrymple, 1977; Gerrard, 1992).

Despite these difficulties, this research separated the productions in Geomorphology and Pedology, even with the risk Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum both being present in the studies. There were 94 articles classified as belonging to Geomorphology (58) and Pedology (36) (Table 2).

Production in Geomorphology (61. However, when Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum production within the area, the situation is different. Finally, authors with publications in English have a slightly higher H-index (H-index 7) than those who Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum in Portuguese (H-index 6) (p The periodicals divulging scientific production (Geomorphology and Pedology) are quite diverse.

However, some scientific journals publish issues more frequently (Figure 2). In this case, it is evidente that the dissemination occurs both in national Geography journals and in the specializations mentioned above.

However, the higher frequency of publications in specialized journals prevails. In addition, when sex very little girls publication is English, the international journals of high impact in the area of Physical Geography (Geomorphology and Pedology) are selected, for example, Geomorphology and Catena (Figure 2). Figure 2 Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum where the articles in Geomorphology and Pedology are published Undoubtedly, the Geomorphology and Pedology professors are mostly publishing outside the classic and general Geography periodicals.

Hyaluronidase Injection (Amphadase)- Multum are probably around 150 Geography journals, which results in na average of more Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum two journals per Geography program. Besides, Geography has a tradition of periodicals from departments, postgraduate studies, Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum even laboratory or research groups.

This tradition provides many journals for researchers in the field. So, why have Physical Geography scholars sought specialized journals to disseminate their Adefovir Dipivoxil (Hepsera)- Multum. It is a fact that Brazil has an escalation of periodicals, estimated at more than 5,000.

Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum, publishing in national journals may isolate part of Brazilian science or generate knowledge islands (Pierro, 2013). The same question was also posed 20 years ago in the UK by the editors of the Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers: where have all physical geographers gone. One of the explanations for the low submission rates was that physical geographers were more specialized and closer to the environmental sciences.

Therefore, when publishing in Geographic periodicals physical geographers would have less recognition and visibility (Agnew and Spencer, 1999). In fact, since the 1990s, physical geography has undergone a restructuring of themes (e. These themes adhere to Geography journals. Other Geography journals (Annals of the Association of American Geographers and Australian Geographer), also verified a Tolectin (Tolmetin Sodium)- Multum in the rate of publication of Physical Geography articles (Gregory et al.

Also, physical geographers, especially the UK, have consolidated journals for circulation in the field: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Mipomersen Sodium Injection (Kynamro)- Multum Processes, The Holocene, Journal of Quaternary Science, International Journal of Climatology, and Journal of Biogeography (Gregory et al.

What is happening in Brazilian Physical Geography has some similarities to the United Kingdom, but with some peculiarities. One resemblance is merck drug co attempt to disseminate research in high-impact consolidated journals, with greater visibility and peer recognition. Undeniably, at present, Geography journals in Brazil do not offer these possibilities.

One of the particularities was the creation of specialized journals in the last decades: Brazilian Journal of Geomorphology, Brazilian Journal of Climatology and Brazilian Journal of Physical Geography. This has channeled many articles to specialist journals. However, these journals primarily publish articles in Portuguese, leaving them open to similar criticisms as the Geography periodicals, especially regarding the impact and visibility of investigations in Physical Geography.

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