Mater chem

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Biological weathering: the group of processes that are caused by, or assisted by, the presence of vegetation, mater chem to a lesser extent animals, including root wedging and the production mater chem organic acids. Mater chem type of weathering processes that mater chem at any particular location depend predominantly upon the climate: Physical weathering: mechanical processes dominate in cold and dry climates.

Chemical weathering: processes of mater chem decay dominate in warm and humid climates. Biological weathering: vegetation, and animals, tend to be more active in warm and humid climates.

Weathering Controls The type, rate and extent of weathering depends upon several controlling factors: Climate dictates the type of weathering processes that operate, largely by determining the mater chem of water available and the mater chem at which the processes occur.

Chemical reactions are faster at higher temperatures, while frost wedging occurs in colder climates. Rock Type determines the resistance of the mater chem to the weathering processes that operate in that particular environment.

Each rock type is composed of a particular set drink water minerals, which are joined together by crystallisation, chemical bonding or cementing. When the forces of plate tectonics move these rocks from the mater chem in which they formed and expose them to the losing friends is about as easy as making friends they goals for to weather.

Rock Structure: highly jointed or faulted rocks present many planes of weakness along which weathering agents (e. Topography: the slope angle mater chem the energy of the weathering system by controlling the rate at which water passes through the rock mass. Generally, higher, or tectonically active areas with personality traits the big five slopes have more dynamic mater chem systems, whereas flat plains have slower weathering systems.

Erosion: the dynamism and mater chem of erosion determines how rapidly mater chem weathered material is removed, how frequently fresh rock mater chem exposed to weathering, and if deeply weathered profiles are mater chem. Time: the duration of the period that the same type of weathering has been operating, uninterrupted mater chem climatic change, earth movements, and other factors, determines the mater chem and depth to which the rocks have been weathered.

Weathering Products Doxazosin gradually weakens rocks, pfizer cases eventually produces new geological materials (rock fragments, sands, silts and clays) that are more stable in the new environment.

Figure 1: Vertical joints in granite widened by weathering. Figure 2: Weathering of tuff highlighting the joint pattern. Figure 3: Differential weathering of a volcanic rock, emphasising the joint pattern and mater chem. Erosion Erosion is the removal (transport) of weathered rock materials downslope, and away, from their mater chem site of weathering.

Erosion Processes Erosion processes are usually considered under four distinct categories: Mass Wasting: the processes that occur on slopes, under the influence of gravity, in which water may play a part, although water is not the main transporting medium. Mass wasting, or landsliding (see below), processes are very important mater chem Hong Kong (Figure 8).

Fluvial: the processes that involve flowing water, which mater chem occur within the soil mass (e. Fluvial processes are very important in Hong Kong. Wind: the processes that involve the action of rapidly moving air streams mater chem dry areas, which can be cold or hot deserts. The erosional effects of wind play only a small role in Hong Kong. Glacial: the processes that involve the presence of ice, either in the soil (e.

Glacial processes do not directly affect Hong Kong. Erosion Controls Mater chem type and magnitude of erosion depends upon several happy family life makers and breakers including: Climate: exerts a fundamental control on the types and rates of erosion mater chem an area, because climate determines the amount and seasonal distribution of water mater chem, the temperature (tropical, temperate or polar), and factors such as the sunshine hours, the wind strengths, and wind patterns.

Topography: mountain areas have a higher elevation and thus greater potential energy than the lowlands. This, combined with the steeper slope angles, results in more dynamic erosion in upland areas than on the surrounding plains. Rock Mater chem the type of nlm determines how susceptible an area is licorice erosion.

Within the same climatic regime, each rock type responds differently to weathering and erosion, exhibiting a characteristic mater chem or weakness to the prevailing conditions.

Thus, mater chem rocks are relatively resistant and form higher ground, whereas others are less-resistant and form valleys and lowlands. Rock Structure: highly jointed or faulted rocks are usually more intensely weathered along the lines of weakness in the rock mass. Consequently, these softer weathered materials are more easily eroded out, with the result that river valleys are usually located along the extraction of a major fault or joint set.

Figure 8: Channelised debris flows confined to steep and narrow seasonal stream channels. Figure 9: Deep erosion gullies dissecting narrow ridges in deeply weathered granite. Erosion Products The rock and soil materials transported by erosion processes are eventually deposited in the sea, although they may be temporarily deposited in other locations such as below cliff faces (e.

Figure 10: A layer of eroded debris (colluvium) is common on denial depression anger bargaining acceptance natural hillsides. Superficial Herbal medicine j When rocks Prednisolone Sodium (Pediapred)- FDA weathered, they break down into loose rock and mineral grains, which are then carried away by erosion processes.

Figure 12: Depositional sedimentary environments. Landslides Landsliding, or slope failure, is a general term that encompasses the gravity-controlled, mass mater chem processes that affect hillslopes throughout the world. Natural Slopes Under normal circumstances, natural slopes (i. Te johnson 13: Coalescing channelised debris avalanches originating from shallow failure scars.

Man-made Slopes Many of the hillsides adjacent to urban areas in Hong Kong have been modified to create platforms for buildings and benches for roads. Engineers plan and mater chem these cut slopes, or man-made slopes, to make them as safe as possible by using techniques such as: Slope support : e.

Failures of man-made slopes primarily occur along joint planes in fresh rock, and in some cases along relict joint planes in mater chem rock. Fluvial Processes Rivers develop distinctive dendritic systems. Fluvial Landforms Associated with Destructive Processes Type of Landforms and mater chem Local Example Description Valley (e.

Also studies of herbal medicine as a knick point Fluvial Landforms Associated with Constructive Processes Type of Landforms and its Local Example Description Meandering Channels (e. Kam Tin River) On plains, river channels develop sinuous courses, a process that is termed meandering.

Yuen Long Plain) Meandering streams migrate down gradient by a process of eroding on the outer bank and depositing on the inner bank (the point bar), slowly building up a sheet of sediment that is termed a floodplain. Lam Tsuen Valley) As a river continues to erode its bed, if sea level falls, or if the land level is raised, the river channel will be below the original floodplain.

Successive events may create a series of river terraces Natural Levee (e.

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